Bhutan is a small land locked country sandwiched between two giant nations of China and India. Bhutan is also known as Druk-Yul translating to the land of mysterious thunder dragon. The history of Bhutan mainly revolves around the ancient Buddhist traditions dating back to 746 AD when Guru Rinpoche, the great Tantric Master visited Bhutan. He introduced Buddhism in Bhutan.
In the medieval era, Bhutan was fragmented into several territories and had numerous leaders in hunger of power. It was during this time in the history when Zhandrung Nagwang Namgyel came to Bhutan from Tibet sometimes in 1616 AD. Zhabdrung unified the nation under his dynamic vision with his religious as well as political capabilities. Zhabdrung introduced the system of central administration, built many fortresses and set up the independent country of Druk Yul.
It was in 1907 when Bhutan saw the first monarch, King Ugyen Wangchuck in her history. Since then, Bhutan walked on the path of global development and happiness succeeded by consecutive monarch. The Great Fourth, King Jigme Singye Wangchuck introduced the concept of Gross National Happiness as a holistic approach to balance materialistic development of the country with the happiness of the people. In 2006, His majesty Jigme Singye Wangchck abdicated the golden throne voluntarily and handed over his responsibilities to the 5th King, His Majesty Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck and around the same time Bhutan transformed into Constitutional Democratic Monarchy from absolute monarchy system of governance.